The European law on artificial intelligence should serve as a “model across the world”
The European Union wants its Artificial Intelligence (AI) law to be an example for the rest of the world to follow when regulating emerging technology.
EU telecommunications ministers held their first debate on the draft AI law in Brussels on Thursday to decide on directions for the coming years, where Slovenian Minister of Public Administration Boštjan Koritnik said the Block’s AI law should serve as a global model.
“Ministers today expressed their clear support for a comprehensive law on artificial intelligence, which would serve as a model across the world, in the same vein as the General Data Protection Regulation, GDPR, in the area of protection of personal data, ”Koritnik said. .
“There is still a lot of work to be done, as we want to ensure that the artificial intelligence law will achieve its dual purpose of ensuring security and respect for fundamental rights and of stimulating the development and adoption of technology. AI-based across industries. [European Council] the Presidency will continue the intense work on this proposal, which it considers to be a top priority in the digital field. “
AI already exists in many parts of our lives, but it remains an ethical dilemma with risks and benefits.
One obvious advantage is in health care. AI and facial recognition technology are used to identify diseases, such as dementia, through signals invisible to the human eye.
A program at Vrije University in Brussels studies these microexpressions.
“Basic facial expressions are almost common to people all over the world. We are developing what are commonly called machine learning algorithms, to learn, for example, to classify expressions: happy, sad, etc. Dr Hichem Sahli from the University of Vrije told Euronews. .
While medical research has clear benefits, there are other uses that come with risks. An example is law enforcement without any oversight.
Using artificial intelligence, attempts are made to identify those responsible for terrorist attacks, acts of violence or accidents.
Companies like Amped, based in Trieste, Italy, are using AI for video analytics. Although these companies submit to warranty checks, in some countries outside the EU they do not.
According to Despina Travlou, general secretary of the AIIA-NPO, its use is not yet sufficiently regulated and could lead to the violation of civil rights.
“National governments and supranational organizations, such as the EU, issue guidelines and regulations, but we do it in an uncoordinated way, almost at random,” Travlou explained. “You cannot meet a global challenge by acting individually. Concerted global action is needed.”